Vice President of India Work Power Eligibility Explained

The Vice-President, like the president, is elected not directly by the people but by the method of indirect election. He is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament.
Thus, this electoral college is different from the electoral college for the election of the President in the following two respects:
1. It consists of both elected and nominated members of the Parliament (in the case of president,
only elected members).
2. It does not include the members of the state legislative assemblies (in the case of President,
the elected members of the state legislative assemblies are included).
To be eligible for election as Vice-President, a person should fulfil the following qualifications:
1. He should be a citizen of India.
2. He should have completed 35 years of age.
3. He should be qualified for election as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
4. He should not hold any office of profit under the Union government or any state government or any local authority or any other public authority void.
The oath of office to the Vice-President is administered by the President or some person appointed in
that behalf by him.

The Constitution lays down the following two conditions of the Vice-President’s office:
1. He should not be a member of either House of Parliament or a House of the state legislature.
2. He should not hold any other office of profit.
The Vice-President holds office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office. However,
He can resign from his office at any time by addressing the resignation letter to the President.
He can also be removed from the office before completion of his term. A formal impeachment is not required for his removal.
He can be removed by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by an absolute majority (ie, a majority of the total members of the House) and agreed to by the Lok Sabha. 
But, no such resolution can be moved unless at least 14 days’ advance notice has been given. Notably, no ground has been mentioned in the Constitution for his removal.
The Vice-President can hold office beyond his term of five years until his successor assumes charge. He is also eligible for re-election to that office. He may be elected for any number of terms.

A vacancy in the Vice-President’s office can occur in any of the following ways:
1. On the expiry of his tenure of five years.
2. By his resignation.
3. On his removal.
4. By his death.
5. Otherwise, for example, when he becomes disqualified to hold office or when his election is declared void.

The functions of Vice-President are two-fold:
1. He acts as the ex-of icio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. In this capacity, his powers and functions are similar to those of the Speaker of Lok Sabha.
2. He acts as President when a vacancy occurs in the office of the President due to his resignation, removal, death or otherwise. He can act as President only for a maximum period of six months within which a new President has to be elected. 
Further, when the sitting President is unable to discharge his functions due to absence, illness or any other cause, the Vice-President discharges his functions until the President resumes his office.

While acting as President or discharging the functions of President, the Vice-President does not perform the duties of the office of the chairman of Rajya Sabha. During this period, those duties are performed by the Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

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