President of India Work, Power, Oath, Qualifications | UPSC RPSC SSC

The President is the head of the Indian State. He is the first citizen of India and acts as the symbol of unity, integrity and solidarity of the nation.

ELECTION OF THE PRESIDENT

The President is elected not directly by the people but by members of electoral college consisting of:
1. the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament;
2. the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the states;
3. the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry.
Value of the vote of an MLA
(Total population of state / total no.of elected members in state legislative Assembly)*(1/1000)
Value of the vote of an MP
(Total value of all MLAs of all states / total no.of elected members in parliament)
The President’s election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by
means of the single transferable vote and the voting is by secret ballot. 
Electoral quota =(total no. of votes tolled / (1+1=2))+1
Each member of the electoral college is given only one ballot paper. The voter, while casting his vote, is required to indicate his preferences by marking 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. against the names of candidates.
In the first phase, the first preference votes are counted. In case a candidate secures the required quota in this phase, he is declared elected. Otherwise, the process of transfer of votes is set in motion. The ballots of the candidate securing the least number of first preference votes are cancelled and his second preference votes are transferred to the first preference votes of other candidates. This process continues till a candidate secures the required quota. All doubts and disputes in connection with election of the President are inquired into and decided by the Supreme Court whose decision is final.

Qualifications for President
A person to be eligible for election as President should fulfil the following qualifications:
1. He should be a citizen of India.
2. He should have completed 35 years of age.
3. He should be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha.
4. He should not hold any office of profit under the Union government or any state government or
any local authority or any other public authority.
Vacancy in the President’s Office
A vacancy in the President’s office can occur in any of the following ways:
1. On the expiry of his tenure of five years.
2. By his resignation.
3. On his removal by the process of impeachment.
4. By his death
5. Otherwise, for example, when he becomes disqualified to hold office or when his election is declared void.
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE PRESIDENT
1. Executive powers
2. Legislative powers
3. Financial powers
4. Judicial powers
5. Diplomatic powers
6. Military powers
7. Emergency powers
Watch full Explanation in video (Hindi) 

Also Read  Governor.

Have a Question ??? Watch Video or Comment Below:]]]]]
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